‘Race’ and racism in post-millenial post-apartheid South Africa: unmaking the past, making the future

DATE: Wednesday, 26 September 2018

TIME: 16.00pm for 16.30pm

VENUE: District Six Museum Homecoming Centre, 15 Buitenkant Street, Cape Town



Desiree Lewis – Lecturer: University of the Western Cape

Desiree Lewis teaches in the Women’s and Gender Studies Department at the University of the Western Cape. She has written and taught extensively on cultural, fictional and scholarly understandings of gendered, sexualized and raced identities. Her writing, teaching and social engagement have also explored productive and creative imaginings of social and individual freedoms. Her recent research and writing interests include the epistemological implications of individual and social engagements with food; and ways of exploring personal and collective struggles beyond the constricting framework of neo-liberal governmentality.


Asanda Ngoasheng – Speaker, Academic, Transformation Expert and Lecturer

Asanda Ngoasheng is a speaker, academic and transformation expert. She lectures journalism at the Cape Peninsula University of Technology. Her work is with online and offline communities. Online – she is a community administrator of an online community that deals with race and its impact on our daily lives which currently has 4000 + active members. Offline, she has led and facilitated workshops/panels/speaking engagements on race, gender, transformation and decolonization at schools, universities, and companies. She has presented in South Africa and internationally at the Building Bridges in a Complex World Conference (Greece, Chania), and at the Bruno Kreisky Forum for International Dialogue (Austria, Vienna). She is a thought leader whose opinion is regularly featured in interviews and columns across different platforms including eNCA, SABC News,702/Cape Talk, Umhlobo Wenene, News24, Cape Times and many others.

Angelo Fick – Director of Research: ASRI

Angelo Fick is the Director of Research at ASRI. He taught at universities in South Africa and Europe for twenty years, in various fields from English literary studies and Sociology through philosophy of science. His work remains vested in critical race theory, feminism, post-structuralism, and postcolonial theory. He worked in broadcast television for almost half a decade, doing both production and research, as well as on air analysis of South Africa’s postmillennial post-apartheid political economy. Though no longer employed as a full-time academic, he continues to present lectures on colonial discourse and postcolonial culture in South Africa at a university in Gauteng. Mostly he spends his days reading.

Rustum Kozain – Freelance Generalist

Rustum Kozain is a freelance generalist – copy-editor, poetry editor, and occasional reviewer, essayist, and teacher. He has published two volumes of poetry, This Carting Life (2005) and Groundwork (2012), garnering the Olive Schreiner Prize (2007, 2014), the Ingrid Jonker Prize (2006) and the Herman Charles Bosman Award (2013). Some of his poetry has been translated and published abroad in Dutch, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, and Spanish. He has also compiled and edited anthologies of short stories and of poetry for high schools, published by Oxford University Press, SA. He lives in Cape Town.

Picture by: Craig Swartbooi

Jaap de Visser – Director: Dullah Omar Institute

Jaap de Visser is the Director of the Dullah Omar Institute, an Institute in the University of the Western Cape’s Faculty of Law. The Institute pursues social justice through research, teaching and advocacy on human rights and democracy. Prof De Visser is a Professor of Public Law and his research, teaching and consulting focuses on constitutional law, local government, good governance and federalism in Africa. It includes work on the role of ethnicity in multilevel governance on the continent. He has overseen and conducted postgraduate and contract research on governance in South Africa, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Lesotho and Kenya. He co-convenes the Masters in Law, State & Multilevel Government and is co-author of _Local Government Law of South Africa. _He holds an LLB and an LLD from Utrecht University and an LLM from the University of the Western Cape.




‘Race’ and racism in post-millenial post-apartheid South Africa: unmaking the past, making the future

The persistence of racism more than two decades after the official abolition of apartheid, ought not to surprise us.  Racism remains one of the many tasks that constitutes the ‘unfinished business’ (Bell & Ntsebeza) we have inherited from the past, and have failed to adequately address. Spectacular public incidents of racism have drawn public outcries, and one such incident saw a landmark court judgment imprisoning the offender, Vicky Momberg.  There are calls for the criminalisation of racism, and objections to such a manoeuvre from both the right and the left of the political spectrum – those who feel they will be unfairly targeted or feel that there will be a selective definition of racist hate speech aimed exclusively at the actions of white South Africans, not the actions of Black people, and those who feel that this will compromise a necessary commitment to freedom of expression if the definitions are too narrow.

At the heart of the question of racism, of course, lies the persistence of the currency of ‘race’ in everyday life in South Africa.  We may well have come a long way from the definitions of the Population Registration Act of 1950, but those terms and the categories they constructed continue to haunt the South African public sphere.  The raciological categories of the past have continued to be used, both by way of ascription and self-identification, for many South Africans.  This is not unrelated to the continued material consequences that those terms have had, constructing racially exclusive communities and neighbourhoods, segregating almost every social institution from sport to religion, from education to marriage.

The attempts in the late twentieth century, those early years of the post-apartheid period, to overcome the consequences of racism in South Africa have mostly been unsuccessful.  The concept of South Africa as a ‘rainbow nation’ was simply one aspect of such failed measures, simply reiterating in new guise the apartheid notion of the country as being ‘veelvolkig’ (made up of many nations), as J.M. Coetzee pointed out in his commentary on the figuration of identity in spectacle during the 1995 Rugby World Cup opening and closing ceremonies.  Many of these attempts struggled to articulate a vision of ‘non-racialism’ engendered in the Freedom Charter in the 1950s, not taking into account the very different political economy, locally and globally, of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.

Many attempts, well-intentioned as they are, tend to remain invested in notions of ‘race’ and racialised difference which do not take into account the philosophical and scholarly interventions of critical ‘race’ theory over the last generation.  That ‘race’ is a social construction has become widely accepted; that it holds no biological veridical status has yet to be fully accepted, even across several disciplines in the academy.  The old terms have persisted, along with the old ideas, and these became dominant in public discourse, both political and interpersonal, partly because of the specific generation of men and women who emerged from decades of imprisonment, exile and isolation, and tended to remain caught in older terms and conceptions of ‘race’ in South Africa that were not necessarily steeped in the shifts that ‘race’ had undergone both here, because of the Black Consciousness Movement and the Mass Democratic Movement, but also globally, as a consequence of philosophical and scholarly paradigm shifts.

The persistence of the biologistic and cultural conceptions of ‘race’ in South Africa continue to have significant consequences for citizens.  However, is it time for all of us to ‘catch up’ and re-think our invested racial knowledge, as David Theo Goldberg has it?  Ought we to move beyond what Ruth Frankenberg called ‘colour evasion’ and ‘power evasion’, towards ‘race cognisance’, in order to begin to work towards a truly anti-racist politics which will strive to engender a post-‘race’ polity, one in which the history of ‘race’ is not erased from significance, but in which the very real material and symbolic consequences of this phantasmatic fiction can be dealt with, and the twin ghosts of ‘race’ and racism can be exorcised from post-millennial, post-apartheid South Africa?  What have we and our politicians to learn from the past in order not to repeat its mistakes?

In contemporary South Africa, and in the Western Cape specifically, the return of terms from the past to currency in the present, in everyday interactions between people, but also in the engagements of politicians and political organisations, must be accounted for.  Why are terms such as ‘Coloured’ and ‘Indian’ or ‘Asian’ still used descriptively, as if they account for people and the world accurately and in a stable manner?  What use are such terms put to and with what consequences in this moment?  What political risks, if any accompany this (re)deployment of old terms?

Join ASRI and the Dullah Omar Institute for a panel discussion with leading researchers and thinkers on ‘race’ and racism in order to think beyond common-sense and its limits, and to reflect on whether we in South Africa have adequately taken in the scholarship on ‘race’ and racism over the last generation, across the public sphere, in political and social contexts, but also in the spaces where intellectuals work, the media and the academy.